The Life of Galileo Galilei, with Illustrations of the Advancement of Experimental Philosophy Life of Kepler

Джон Елліот Дрінквотер Бетьюн The Life of Galileo Galilei, with Illustrations of the Advancement of Experimental Philosophy Life of Kepler
ISBN:
2000000001154
Мова:
англійська
Автор:
Джон Елліот Дрінквотер Бетьюн
Видавництво:
Project Gutenberg
Рік видання:
2013 р.
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The knowledge which we at present possess of the phenomena of nature and of their connection has not by any means been regularly progressive, as we might have expected, from the time when they first drew the attention of mankind. Without entering into the question touching the scientific acquirements of eastern nations at a remote period, it is certain that some among the early Greeks were in possession of several truths, however acquired, connected with the economy of the universe, which were afterwards suffered to fall into neglect and oblivion. But the philosophers of the old school appear in general to have confined themselves at the best to observations; very few traces remain of their having instituted experiments, properly so called. This putting of nature to the torture, as Bacon calls it, has occasioned the principal part of modern philosophical discoveries. The experimentalist may so order his examination of nature as to vary at pleasure the circumstances in which it is made, often to discard accidents which complicate the general appearances, and at once to bring any theory which he may form to a decisive test. The province of the mere observer is necessarily limited: the power of selection among the phenomena to be presented is in great measure denied to him, and he may consider himself fortunate if they are such as to lead him readily to a knowledge of the laws which they follow

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