Plato's Doctrine Respecting the Rotation of the Earth and Aristotle's Comment Upon That Doctrine

Джордж Ґроте Plato's Doctrine Respecting the Rotation of the Earth and Aristotle's Comment Upon That Doctrine
ISBN:
2000000001183
Рік видання:
2012 р.
Видавництво:
Project Gutenberg
Автор:
Джордж Ґроте
Мова:
англійська
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The obscurity of this passage is amply attested by the numerous differences of opinion to which it has given rise, both in ancient and in modern times. Various contemporaries of Plato (ἔνιοι — Aristot. De Coelo, II. 13, p. 293 b. 30) understood it as asserting or implying the rotatory movement of the earth in the centre of the Kosmos, and adhered to this doctrine as their own. Aristotle himself alludes to these contemporaries without naming them, and adopts their interpretation of the passage; but dissents from the doctrine, and proceeds to impugn it by arguments. Cicero mentions (Academic II. 39) that there were persons who believed Plato to have indicated the same doctrine obscurely, in his Timaeus: this passage must undoubtedly be meant. Plutarch devotes a critical chapter to the enquiry, what was Plato’s real doctrine as to the cosmical function of the earth — its movement or rest (Quaestion. Platonic. VII. 3, p. 1006.)

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